How to make Grano Saraceno – Buckwheat
The cultivation of buckwheat and rye in Valtellina has centuries of origins. Over time, farmers in Valtellina have selected local ecotypes adapted to the environmental conditions of their mountains. These ecotypes are an irreplaceable genetic resource. However, their cultivation is increasingly less practiced; instead, imported commercial seeds replace it. A project brings together the University of Milan-Bicocca (as lead partner), the Fojanini Foundation, the Park of Monte Barro, the farms of Fanchi Andrea, Jonatan Fendoni’s Orto Tellinum, Riccardo Finotti’s Rosa dei Venti, Cof and Jolanta Wilkosz’s Casele. In addition, it can count on the support of the Municipality of Teglio and the association for the cultivation of buckwheat in Teglio and traditional alpine cereals. It provides the census of buckwheat seeds and rye in the area as a first action, reconstructing the origins and analyzing the morphological characteristics.
The seeds collected will be grown under experimental conditions in the laboratory and the field to obtain a material suitable for genetic analysis and productivity and yields. The local ecotypes selected based on these investigations will then be conserved both thanks to open field cultivation by the project partner farms and in the Monte Barro Park (Centro Flora Autoctona-Cfa). The ultimate goal is to produce an “identity card” for Valtellina’s buckwheat and rye ecotypes and promote their relaunch in the local food chain.
Regional Product of Lombardy