To safeguard the typicalness of some food products, the European Union has passed precise norms by establishing two levels of recognition: DOC and IGP, through which it aims at safeguarding the product names and their typicalness from any imitations and abuses, and supporting different productions and helping consumers in choosing food products by supplying information and guarantees with regards to their features.
What is the DOC
The acronym DOC (Denominazione di Origine Controllata – Protected Designation of Origin) extends the safeguard of the national DOC mark (Controlled Designation of Origin) to the entire European territory and, through the GATT (General Agreement of Tariffs and Trade) terms, to the entire world. The DOC mark designates a product, originating from a region and a country, whose qualities and features are essentially or exclusively due to the geographical environment (where environment refers both to natural and to human factors alike). Production, processing and finishing of the product must take place in the relevant limited area complying with a clearly defined traditional recipe.
What is the IGP
The acronym IGP (Indicazione Geografica Protetta – Protected Geographical Indication) introduces a new level of qualitative safeguards that takes the industrial development of the sector into account, by attributing more importance to production techniques with respect to territorial restrictions. Therefore, the acronym identifies a product originating from a region or a country, and whose quality, reputation, recipe and characteristics can be traced back to its geographical origin, and of which at least one production and/or processing phase must take place in the designated zone of production.
A Guarantee for Consumers
Both European Community recognition represent a guarantee for consumers, who know, in this way, that they are buying quality foods that must comply with specific requirements and that are produced in abidance with precise regulations. Compliance is assured by specific control bodies, that are duly authorized by the Ministry of Agricultural and Forestry Policies.
The two marks represent a safeguard for producers themselves with respect to possible imitations and unfair competition.
There are 28 Italian charcuterie products that have been given the longed-for European DOC and IGP recognition and they represent almost 45% of the entire European meat product heritage, which is evidence of the fact that Italy is the country with the widest range of prestigious and quality charcuterie products.
Italian Charcuterie Products Bearing the DOC Mark
Prosciutto di Parma
Prosciutto di San Daniele
Prosciutto di Modena
Prosciutto Veneto Berico-Euganeo
Prosciutto di Carpegna
Salame di Varzi
Culatello di Zibello
Jambon de Bosses (Valle d’Aosta)
Lard d’Arnad (Valle d’Aosta)
Soppressata di Calabria
Capocollo di Calabria
Salsiccia di Calabria
Pancetta di Calabria
Salamini Italiani alla Cacciatora
Italian Charcuterie Products Bearing the IGP Mark
Speck dell’Alto Adige
Bresaola della Valtellina
Prosciutto di Norcia
Salame d’Oca di Mortara
Lardo di Colonnata
Courtesy of Istituto Valorizzazione Salumi Italiani IVSIt